Real Estate Tokenization, 2024 & Beyond
Nov 9, 2023
The real estate tokenization market is expected to grow significantly in the coming years. Citibank analysts project that by 2030, tokenized digital securities will reach a value between $4 trillion to $5 trillion, with a significant portion, approximately $1.5 trillion, expected to come from the real estate sector.
This prediction underpins the growing trend of real estate tokenization and its potential to revolutionize the industry. One of the most significant change will be expanding the accredited investor restrictions. This is already in motion with the The Equal Opportunity for All Investors Act of 2023 making its way through the US congress and expected to become available in 2024. This change will open up the market to a wider range of investors, further increasing the popularity and growth of real estate tokenization.
Change is fast coming, and there are many tailwinds behind it.
Hong Kong and Switzerland are leading the way in creating a favorable regulatory environment for tokenized real world assets. Hong Kong’s progressive stance, including the introduction of legislation allowing retail investors to invest in crypto assets and the launch of a licensing regime for crypto service providers, has attracted over 80 crypto firms to the city.
These advancements in both jurisdictions are expected to inspire other regions and contribute to the global integration of tokenized assets into the financial system.
Market Development for Tokenized Assets
Hand in hand with regulatory tailwinds, the current market illiquidity due to insufficient secondary market demand is being addressed through market development. As the types of assets being tokenized expand to include trade finance, fine art, bonds, carbon credits, and more, the demand for tokenized assets in the secondary market is expected to grow.
The increasing number of licensed digital asset trading platforms is also contributing to this trend. As the regulatory environment continues to improve, major financial institutions are expected to drive further demand for these diverse tokenized assets.
Increasing Demand for RWA
The demand for tokenization of more real-world assets is on the rise, both in the web2 and web3 domains. As blockchain technology evolves, traditional financial institutions are exploring replacements for their legacy systems with newer, efficient technologies that could simplify processes and minimize operational costs. HSBC just became the first bank in the world to offer tokenized gold on the blockchain.
Meanwhile, in the DeFi space, high yields offered by real-world assets has led to a surge in startups aiming to onboard real yield to attract and retain users, through blockchain-based asset tokenization. Started by OGs such as MakerDAO, we have seen a recent influx of new market entrants such as T Protocol offering a compliant and regulated onboarding of investors into the onchain web2 yields.
Improvement in User Purchase Journey through AR/VR
The integration of Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) technologies in the real estate sector, including tokenized real estate, is significant. These technologies are transforming the property showcasing process with immersive, globally accessible virtual tours, aiding developers in design and construction, and enhancing buyer experiences in the sales process.
They hold significant potential for fractional buyers of tokenized properties and future Metaverse or GameFi developers.
Progress in Smart Contracts and Token Standards
Significant advancements like the T-Rex token standard (ERC-3643) and Account Abstraction are transforming the tokenization space.
T-Rex facilitates the creation of permissioned tokens compliant with regulatory requirements, addressing regulatory uncertainties.
Account Abstraction proposes enhancements to the user experience and versatility of Ethereum accounts, potentially resolving the confidentiality challenge. These advancements are expected to augment the flexibility, security, and efficiency of the DeFi space, making it more accessible and appealing to a broader user and institutional base.